disease more common in men than women

There are sharp differences between men and women, and diseases are no exception. Several conditions are increasingly more common in men than women. For example, men are prone to nearly all types of cancer due to their habits and lifestyle preferences. In this blog, you will come across the names and details of those diseases that mainly affect men. As prevention is better than cure, know about the conditions that can affect you and try to minimize your risk. 


1. Prostate Cancer


It seems to be pretty obvious that prostate cancer affects men more as women don’t have a prostate, isn't it? It's true, but women have a sequence of ducts and glands (called Skene glands) in front of their vagina, which are often referred to as the female prostate. The cancer of the female prostate is sporadic.

Most prostate cancer is slow-progressing and doesn’t spread to other others, while a few are aggressive. A study revealed that about 101 men out of every 100000 get diagnosed with prostate cancer, the count of females was so less to be incorporated in the data set. 


2. Depression & Suicide


Depression is not just the bad, irritable mood or the blues. It’s emotional distress which impacts your entire body and overall health. Stress hormones and brain chemicals get imbalanced. Energy level, appetite and sleep get disturbed. Studies suggest that men with depression are at an increased risk of developing heart disease than women.

Previously, it was thought that women are more prone to depression than men. That could be due to the fact that women are more expressive in terms of emotion. Men usually hide the feelings of depression, and also when they express - the ways are quite different from that to women. Instead of crying or showing sadness, they become angry and aggressive as they think it would be not acceptable for them to look depressed.


3. Diabetes


Diabetes often starts slowly, exhibiting no recognizable symptoms. Over the years, blood sugar increases, eventually spilling into the urine. As a result, the person feels an urge to urinate frequently, which makes them thirsty and which is the primary reason why many men report to the doctor. High glucose levels act as a slow poison on the nerves and blood vessels everywhere in the body. Strokes, heart attacks, kidney failures, amputations, and blindness are the considerable fallout for many men out there. 

Exercise, in addition to a healthy diet, may help keep type 2 diabetes at bay. Moderate weight loss, for those who are obese or overweight and 20-30 minutes a day of physical activity decreased the chances of diabetes by over 50% in men at considerable risk in one significant research.


4. Cirrhosis


Cirrhosis, also called liver cirrhosis or hepatic cirrhosis, is a medical condition in which the liver is unable to function appropriately. It happens due to the long-term exposure to toxins, including alcohol or viral infections. According to the CDC, cirrhosis is more prevalent in men than women as men have a greater tendency to spree on liquor.


5. Parkinson’s Disease


Parkinson’s disease is a health condition which affects the nerve cells of the brain that produces dopamine. The symptoms progressed very slowly over the years. The advancement of symptoms varies from person to person because of the diversity of the disease. 

The problems with movement and coordination are the initial signs of Parkinson's disease. It also causes the body to shake uncontrollably, making the muscles stiff and slow. Men are at significant risk for the disease. A scientific study revealed that men are about 1.5 times more prone to the disease than women of the same age group. 


6. Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD)


It refers to a medical condition in which people become addicted to alcohol which causes harm and distress. Studies suggest that men are more into alcoholism and binge drinking than women. AUD can be mild or severe, depending upon the symptoms you experience. Severe AUD is generally called alcohol dependence or alcoholism. 


7. Melanoma


Melanoma is one of the most severe forms of skin cancer. It occurs when the cells that produce pigment and provide colour to the skin become cancerous. Melanomas may occur anywhere in the body. You will experience abnormal growth or changes in an existing mole. It mainly occurs in the skin, but can also occur in the intestines, mouth or eye (uveal melanoma).

Although women are more susceptible to melanoma before the age of 50, the risk shifts in the later years to men, the change is so drastic that by the age of 65 years, men are twice more prone to the disease than women. Moreover, the severity of the condition is more in men than women. Many scientists speculate that the simple reason would be women are way too conscious for skincare as compared to me, although a few scientists believe that skin of the men is more vulnerable to sunlight than women.


8. Autism


Autism, also known as autism spectrum disorder (ASD), refers to a wide array of conditions which characterizes difficulties with speech, social skills, repetitive skills, and non-verbal communication. Men are more likely to get diagnosed with the disorder in their lifetime. According to the CDC, one in every 54 men can have ASD, while one in every 254 women can have the disease. 

It's not clear why ASD affects mainly men, but it is believed that women are better at managing symptoms and therefore are less probable to obtain a firm diagnosis. Another reason could be women appear to be less influenced by the genetic mutation causing the disease.


9. Colon Cancer


Colon cancer, also called colorectal cancer, is a deadly tumour which arises from the interior wall of the large intestine (colon) or rectum. According to the reports of Cancer Prevention and Treatment Fund, men (primarily African-American descendants) are more likely to be diagnosed with colon cancer. Apart from the gender difference, several other factors may make you prone to the disease, which includes smoking, genetics, unhealthy diet, unhealthy lifestyle choices etc. 


10. Pancreatic Cancer


Pancreatic cancer is a type of cancer in which malignant cells develop in the tissues of the pancreas. The pancreas is a vital organ located in the abdomen that lies in the lower section of the stomach. This cancer of the pancreas is usually diagnosed very late, progresses rapidly, and has a poor prognosis. People generally experience no symptoms in the initial stages. Advanced stages cause specific symptoms, but these could be non-specific, like weight loss and lack of appetite.

Like in colon cancer, African men are more likely to get diagnosed with pancreatic cancer. Smoking is the most significant risk factor for the disease. Studies reveal that about one in every four cases is directly caused due to the smoking habit only. As men are more indulged in smoking than women, so it makes sense why men are more likely to develop pancreatic cancer.


11. Kidney Cancer


Kidney cancer, also referred to as renal cancer, is a condition in which kidney cells become cancerous and grow beyond control, resulting in tumour formation. Most of the kidney cancer appears first in the lining of the tubules in the kidney, which is called renal cell carcinoma. 

Due to an increased tendency of smoking cigarettes and exposure to various harmful toxins at the workplaces, men can receive a kidney cancer diagnosis once in their lifetime. If you experience a fever, sudden lower back pain, extreme fatigue, unintended weight loss, or blood in the urine, it's time for you to schedule a doctor’s appointment.


12. Oral Cavity Cancer


Oral cavity cancer, or oral cancer, is a type of cancer which can occur in any part of the mouth. You can experience sores that don't go away, a lump, or red or white patch within the mouth. Men are twice more likely to get the disease than women. It is vital due to the fact that men are more prone to tobacco use and excessive drinking, both of which are among the significant risk factors for the disease. 


13. HIV


HIV is a sexually transmitted infection which happens when a virus called human immunodeficiency virus attacks the immune system of a person. HIV may lead to AIDS and affect the body’s ability to combat infections. A person can transmit the disease to others by means of infected blood, semen or vaginal liquid. 

Within a couple of weeks of getting infected, you may experience flu-like symptoms including fever, fatigue, sore throat etc. No other factors other than this will be experienced until the disease progresses into AIDS. AIDS symptoms include fever or night sweats, fatigue, unintended weight loss, and recurrent infections. Currently, there’s no cure for AIDS but following antiretroviral regimens (ARVs) strictly, can help decelerate the progression of the disease, and prevent certain secondary infections and complications. 

In a study, CDC discovered that men account for about 81 per cent of the 39000 new HIV diagnoses in the U.S., 86 per cent of the men who were diagnosed with HIV were either bisexual or gay. 


14. Inguinal Hernia


It occurs when tissue, like a part of the intestine, bulges out of a weak spot in the abdominal muscles. The bulge could be painful, specifically when you sneeze, cough, lift a heavy object or bend over. An inguinal hernia is not always dangerous. Studies suggest that men are about 8-10 times more susceptible to develop the disease than men.


15. Bladder Stones


Bladder stones also called vesical calculus, or cystoliths, are caused because of accumulation of minerals in the bladder. It can happen if the bladder is not fully emptied after urination. Over time, the leftover urine concentrates and the minerals within them form crystals. When these crystals are very small, they can get passed. In other cases, bladder stones can get attached to the walls of the bladder or the ureter. 

According to the reports of Mayo Clinic, men, especially those who are older than 50 years, are at greater risk for bladder stones. It makes sense because bladder stones are majorly caused due to an enlarged prostate.


16. Gout


A gout is a type of arthritis characterized by swelling, redness, sudden attacks of severe pain and tenderness in the joints. The pain and inflammation are caused as a result of crystallization and deposition of excessive uric acid occur in the joints. In most cases, gout attacks occur suddenly, most often during the evening hours. 

Men are more likely to get diagnosed with gout due to the fact that men have more uric acid than women. It is believed that uric acid in a person’s body gets multiplied when they consume sugary beverages, red meat, shellfish, or alcohol. Avoiding these foods can help manage the pain during a gout attack. 






Tags: Diseases more common in males than females, Gender and disease, Gender differences in health and illness