asthma symptoms asthma signs

Asthma has become a common problem and is one of the most popular respiratory diseases. This medical condition is when the bronchial pathway gets inflamed. The bronchus swells up and narrows down and starts to produce more mucus making it difficult for the person to breathe. 


Asthmatic attacks can sometimes even be fatal. If you suspect that you are getting an asthmatic attack or are suffering from asthma then you should immediately go for a consultation to a pulmonologist, respiratory therapist, pediatrician, or primary health care provider.


Some asthma signs or symptoms of a person having an asthmatic attack are as follows:


  • Tightness around the chest
  • Wheezing
  • Shortness of breath
  • Extreme coughing


In America alone, there are more than 25 million cases of Asthma and often allergies have been rooted in this disease. The symptoms of asthma have also been often rooted down with nasal polyps, infection in the middle ear, and other respiratory disorders. Often an inhaler (a device for immediate soothing the inflammation) is used to cure the disease.


An asthma attack causes tightness, difficulty in normal breathing, bronchospasm, cough, and other such symptoms which makes it uncomfortable for the person. Symptoms of breathlessness and tightness around the chest are often caused at night.


Triggers Of Bronchial Asthma

Bronchial asthma is a disease caused by the inflammation of the bronchial tree. Though the signs of asthma or symptoms of asthma can be noticed easily, there are some trigger points or situations that the person suffering from asthma should be kept away from. Some of the triggers are listed below:


  • Acid reflux
  • Smoking or even passive smoking (indirectly inhaling the smoking)
  • Getting exposed to allergens. Some of these allergens can be pet dander, pollen, dust mites or even mold
  • Heavy exercise can lead to shortness of breath
  • Fragrances (even perfumes can be a trigger for the asthmatic patients)
  • Having mental stress due to work or relationships
  • Getting anxious due to situation
  • Air pollution
  • Toxins
  • Singing loudly
  • Crying 
  • Laughing
  • Common drugs, these drugs can be beta-blockers, aspirin or even NSAIDs
  • An extreme change in weather conditions can also be one of the reasons for triggering an asthmatic attack.


The patient or their people should be aware of the signs and symptoms of asthma. The person suffering from asthma should always carry an inhaler with them in case of a sudden asthma attack. Often cough, wheeze, shortness or abnormal breath, bronchospasm, or an irregular lung function are some of the first signs of asthma.


Treatment Of Bronchial Asthma

Once a patient detects a problem in their lung functions and has asthma signs he or she should immediately consult a doctor. The doctor will put you on the medicines and therapy for the treatment of the disease. These medications can include inhalers for asthma or even change their lifestyle habits to bring the risk of their asthmatic attacks down.


If patients are on the inhalers for asthma that helps to bring down the inflammation they should use it for the long term. Inhalers give out the low dose of the needed steroids inside the bronchus branches of the lungs to control the asthma attack. 


Take the help of a medical doctor to know how to act fast with an inhaler in case of an emergency. These devices are handy and are proved to be the most useful handy device. Many support groups can help during these situations. 


The bronchodilator inhalers also are known as the rescue inhaler work immediately as soon as the steroids are inhaled. They help in opening up any airways during the asthma attack. Though complete treatment of asthma has never been found yet some measures and medications can help to soothe an asthma attack or prevent it most of the time. 


Diagnosing Of Bronchial Asthma 

One can get an asthma attack at any time of the day (though most of them happen at night). Look out for asthma signs or symptoms and narrate them accordingly to a doctor so that he or she can recommend the right treatment for your lungs. Your doctor should also be informed about all the triggers such as exercising or the smoke so that he can detect the root of the problems too. 


To confirm the disease some asthmatic tests are done. These confirmation tests help to detect if a person is suffering from Asthma or not. Some of the tests are given below. Your doctor might ask you to get one of these tests done as soon as possible. 


  • Chest X-Ray: The chest X-ray is one of the best confirmation tests as it helps to rule down to one disease. Also with the X-rays, doctors can detect if any other problems could be prevailing in your lungs. 


  • Spirometry: The Spirometry test is a lung function test. This lung test is for measuring your capacity of breathing and how well the patient can process both the steps of inhaling and exhaling. The spirometry is done with the help of a device known as the Spirometer. For this lung function test, the patient has to breathe inside the device to check.


  • Peak Expiratory Flow: The PEF or the peak expiratory flow is done using a device known as the peak flow meter. In this device, the patient has to exhale forcefully inside a tube. The air from your lungs travels inside the tube to measure your peak flow. This device helps you to monitor the different ranges of your asthma. 


Warning Signs Of Bronchial Asthma 

Some of the common warning signs of asthma are given below. These should be noted and taken into consideration. Most of the warning signs of Asthma can show up at night. People might even have sweating or suffer from other symptoms which are given below.


  • Having coughing frequently, especially during the night. 
  • Having shortness in breath or going out of breath easily
  • Have trouble falling asleep
  • Feeling tired when exercising
  • Fatigue
  • Having cold or infection in the upper respiratory tract
  • Having frequent allergies
  • Having rapid or quick changes in the peak expiratory flow
  • Coughing frequently during exercising or wheezing

Tags: Symptoms of asthma, Treatment of asthma, What causes asthma