Men, Minimize Your Risk For Prostate Cancer This Way
Prostate cancer is one of the most common types of cancer in men. When diagnosed at an early stage, prostate cancer is easily treatable. The prostate cancer starts at the prostate gland, which is located between the bladder and the penis.
Prostate performs a wide range of function, including the following:
- Helping urine control
- Synthesizing the fluid that nourishes and transports sperm
- Secreting a protein called prostate-specific antigen (PSA) that aids semen maintain its liquid state
Read the full blog and know how you can reduce your risk for prostate cancer.
Stages Of Prostate Cancer
Being aware of the stage of prostate cancer can help you comprehend what to expect and influence treatment decisions. The following are the stages of prostate cancer:
Stage 0: Precancerous cells are present, but they only impact a small region and slow progress.
Localized (stage 1): Cancer is just present in the prostate gland, and not beyond that. Effective treatment is likely at this stage.
Regional (stages 2–3): Cancer has spread to the adjacent tissues.
Distant (stage 4): Cancer has spread to other remote parts of the body, including the lungs or bones.
What Are The Symptoms Of Prostate Cancer?
There are usually no symptoms at all during the initial stages of prostate cancer, but screening can identify the changes that can signify cancer. Screening incorporates a test that evaluates the levels of PSA in the bloodstream. Elevated levels indicate the presence of cancer.
Most men who experience symptoms observe the following symptoms:
- painful urination
- blood in the semen or urine
- difficulty starting and maintaining urination
- a frequent urge to urinate, specifically at night
- difficulty achieving or maintaining an erection
- in some instances, pain on ejaculation
- discomfort or pain when sitting, if the prostate is enlarged
Advanced prostate cancer symptoms include the following:
- bone pain or bone fracture, especially in the shoulders, thighs, or hips
- edema, or swelling in the legs or feet
- changes in bowel habits
- weight loss
- back pain
What Are the Causes and Risk Factors For Prostate Cancer?
The cause of prostate cancer is uncertain. Studies suggest that about 1 in every three men over the age of 50 have some cancer cells in their prostate. A wide range of those cancers is small and hardly harmful to health. Although there is no definite cause of prostate cancer, there are many risk factors which could make you more susceptible to the disease.
- Age: As men grow older, the risk of prostate cancer increases. Men below the age of 40 years are unlikely to have this type of cancer. This is due to the fact that damage to the DNA is more likely for men over the age of 55 years. The abnormal or damaged prostate cells begin to grow out of control and form tumors. Age is one of the primary risk factors for prostate cancer, although being overweight and smoking is more closely associated with death from the disease.
- Family History: If you have someone in your family with prostate cancer, you are at a greater risk for the disease. Studies suggest that a person is 2-3 times more at risk of getting prostate cancer if his father, son, or brother has the condition.
- Ethnicity: It is found that African Americans are highly susceptible to prostate cancer than people belonging to different nationalities. Moreover, African Americans are more likely to get affected by this cancer at an early age, and they are at an increased risk of developing more aggressive symptoms than others. The reason why African American men are so prone to the disease is not apparent, but it can be due to diet, environmental or socioeconomic factors.
- Diet: Diet and lifestyle of a person can significantly impact the risks of developing prostate cancer. You are at an elevated risk if you usually eat more calories, refined sugars, animal fats, and fewer fruits and vegetables. Being overweight and leading a sedentary lifestyle, you are more likely to die from the disease.
- Smoking: If you are an active smoker, you are at two times more risk of getting this cancer than others. Smoking also increases the risk of death from prostate cancer. Studies reveal that within ten years of quitting smoking, your risk for the disease goes down to the level similar to that of a non-smoker.
- Geographical region: The count of prostate cancer and death from the disease varies between the geographical areas - North America and northern European top this list. The higher rates can be due to unhealthy diets, heredity, sedentary lifestyle, environmental exposures, or better screening procedures in the region.
Can You Prevent Prostate Cancer?
Some risk factors of prostate cancer, such as age, are not in your control, while others are.
For instance, you can quit smoking and lessen your risk for prostate cancer, as we have already discussed that smoking is one of the significant risk factors. Diet and exercise are also crucial risk factors that can significantly influence your risk of prostate cancer.
Some foods can help decrease your risk, including:
- oils that contain omega-3 fatty acids, like olive oil
- cruciferous vegetables including broccoli, Brussels sprouts, and kale
Research also indicates that certain foods may elevate your risk of prostate cancer, including:
- saturated fat, which is found in animal products
- grilled meat
- red meat
- milk and dairy products
Exercise can help minimize your risk of developing advanced prostate cancer and dying of prostate cancer.
Exercise can also help you to maintain a healthy body weight. This is essential because research has demonstrated that obesity is one of the risk factors for prostate cancer. With your doctor’s permission, aim for at least 30 minutes of exercise each day of the week.