In the last few years, there has been a consistent increment in the number of men who choose to end their lives rashly through suicide. While women increasingly experience suicidal thoughts, men are most likely bound to kick the bucket by suicide. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported that more than 47,000 people died by committing suicide in 2017 in the United States. Suicide is the tenth leading cause of death overall.
According to the National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, in 2015, suicide was the seventh leading cause of death among American men.
The increasing suicide rate in America is a serious issue, however, there is still hope.
Suicide Rate In America Statistics
- The suicide rate in America is four times higher for males than females. Male deaths make up almost 80% of all suicide deaths.
- The suicide rate is highest among middle-aged white males. A 2015 study in the Proceedings of the Natural Sciences found that the suicide rate among white, middle-aged American men has increased dramatically in recent years.
- According to data from the National Health Interview Survey (2010–13), 9% of men in the US feel depression or anxiety daily.
- The suicide rate in American men is about four times higher than among women, according to CDC. Women are more likely to attempt suicide but men are more likely to succeed.
- White men age 85 and older have the highest suicide rate of any demographic group in the United States. It is four times larger than the population as a whole. Fifty-one out of every 100,000 white males older than 85 commit suicide each year. This is more than any other group by age, sex, and race.
Some Common Risk Factors
Not every attempt at suicide results in completion. Although unsuccessful first attempts are often followed by successful second attempts.
The most common risk factors are:
- Using drugs and/or alcohol to help cope with emotions, relationships, the pressure of work, or other issues
- Social isolation or living alone
- Not being able to form or sustain meaningful relationships
- Divorce or relationship breakdowns
- A history of physical and sexual abuse
- Being bullied at school, college, or work
- Loss of a loved one through trauma or disease
- Mental illness, particularly where this is related to depression and painful or debilitating illnesses or conditions
What is Depression?
Grief or sadness are regarded as normal human emotions. However, we experience those feelings every once in a while, they usually leave after a couple of days. Major depression or depressive disorder is something more. Depression is classified is a mood disorder. It may be described as feelings of sadness, loss, or anger that interfere with a person’s everyday activities.
Risk Factors For Depression
Depression can affect anybody—even an individual who seems to live in moderately perfect conditions.
A few factors can play a role in depression:
- Biochemistry: Differences in specific chemical substances in the brain may add to symptoms of depression.
- Hereditary: Depression can run in families. For instance, if one identical twin has depression, the other one has a 70% possibility of having the ailment at some point in life.
- Personality: People with low confidence or who are pessimistic are more prone to depression.
- Environment: Exposure to brutality, neglect, abuse, or poverty may make a few people increasingly vulnerable to depression.
Some Common Depression Symptoms
Depression can be substantially more than a constant state of sadness or feeling “blue.” Major depression can give birth to a variety of symptoms. Some influence your mind-set, and others influence your body. Depression symptoms may likewise be continuous, or go back and forth.
Different men, women and children experience depression differently. Men may experience symptoms like:
- mood, such as anger, aggressiveness, irritability, anxiousness, restlessness
- emotional well-being, such as feeling empty, sad, hopeless
- behavior, such as loss of interest, no longer finding pleasure in favorite activities, feeling tired easily, thoughts of suicide, drinking excessively, using drugs, engaging in high-risk activities
- sexual interest, such as reduced sexual desire, lack of sexual performance
- cognitive abilities, such as inability to concentrate, difficulty completing tasks, delayed responses during conversations
- sleep patterns, such as insomnia, restless sleep, excessive sleepiness, not sleeping through the night
- physical well-being, such as fatigue, pains, headache, digestive problems
Black American Suicide
Although Black American suicide rates were lower than whites, suicide and other mental health and depression problems are significant issues influencing the population. Suicide prevention efforts need to be addressed and identification of the risk and protective factors most relevant to each affected group, for example, Black American suicide.
Additionally, for children ages 5 to 12, black American males are committing suicide at higher rates than any other racial or ethnic group, said Dr. Michael Lindsey, the executive director of New York University’s McSilver Institute for Poverty Policy and Research.
Depression is one of the most well-known mental health problems in the United States and it affects about 17 million people every year. Among Black American men, the predominance of depression expanded from 2.48% to 6.48%. It is high time to bring mental health issues to light focusing on Black Americans, especially, depression symptoms for the wellbeing of the men and improve their quality of life.
Such a focus has the potential to reduce mental health issues like depression and lower down the Black American suicide rates too.
How To Handle Male Depression?
Try not to tough out or endure depression all alone. It takes fortitude to seek help—from a friend or family or an expert. Most men with depression react well to self-improvement steps, for example, connecting for social support, working out, changing to a sound eating routine, and making other lifestyle changes.
-Keeping stress in check: Not only does stress prolongs and worsen depression, yet it can likewise trigger it. Make sense of the considerable number of things throughout your life that worry you. For example, work over-burden, cash issues, or unsupportive connections, and discover approaches to soothe the weight and recapture control.
-Positive Lifestyle Changes: To help lift depression and keep it from coming back, make positive life changes. Depression usually involves sleep problems, so focus on eight hours of sleep. Improvement in sleep schedule can be achieved by learning healthy sleep habits.
-Practice Relaxation: An everyday relaxation practice can help alleviate depression symptoms, lessen stress, and lift up cheerful feelings. Try out yoga, deep breathing, meditation, or muscle relaxation.
-Invest Time in Daylight: Getting outside during sunlight hours and exposing yourself to the sun can help boost serotonin levels. This improves your temperament. Go for a stroll, have your coffee outside, do some yard work, or exercise outdoors.
Above all, getting help or support plays a major role in overcoming depression. Overcoming it on your own can be tough to maintain a healthy perspective. At the same time, the nature of depression is such that it makes a person hesitant to reach out for any help. But, the best thing is to connect to family or friends rather than isolating yourself in any way.
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“Suicide is growing health crisis for African American youth.” 8 Oct. 2019, https://www.nbcnews.com/news/nbcblk/suicide-mental-health-crisis-among-african-american-youth-n1063276. Accessed 5 Jun. 2020.
“Depression in African American Men: A Review … – NCBI – NIH.” https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4215700/. Accessed 5 Jun. 2020.
“Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) – HelpGuide.org.” https://www.helpguide.org/articles/depression/seasonal-affective-disorder-sad.htm. Accessed 5 Jun. 2020.